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James Crawford

     Posted on: December 10, 2013

Language Politics in the U.S.A.: The Paradox of Bilingual Education James Crawford provides a historical context for current assaults on bilingual education in the United States and draws attention to the necessity of incorporating language issues into the politics of racial justice. Unlike earlier struggles for civil rights, we need to ...

The Case for and Against Richard Aoki

     Posted on: September 17, 2012

by Tony Platt The blogs are full of charges and countercharges about journalist Seth Rosenfeld's claim (in his recent book, Subversives: The FBI's War on Student Radicals, and Reagan's Rise to Power and published articles) that Black Panther Party cadre Richard Aoki was a "paid FBI informer." Here are a few thoughts ...

The Víctor Jara Case: Justice in 2013?

     Posted on: February 12, 2013

by J. Patrice McSherry*   In 2012 and 2013 there have been important developments in the case of Víctor Jara, the beloved Chilean folk singer and songwriter who was tortured and killed in the Stadium of Chile after the 1973 military coup in that country. The murder of Jara was one of ...

Italian Elections, 2013: Novelty or Déjà Vu?

     Posted on: March 12, 2013

by Alessandro De Giorgi*   The results of the 2013 elections in Italy were shocking to most international observers. Expectations in the media had been that the center-left coalition would win a majority and steer the country along a path of economic austerity and budget conservatism that Mario Monti's technocratic government had ...

Drone War Is Coming Home: A View from across the Ocean

     Posted on: April 2, 2013

by Volker Eick*   Since Nobel Peace Prize laureate and US president Barack Obama began targeted killings of supposed Islamic terrorists using Special Forces and the CIA in Yemen, Pakistan, and Somalia,(1) an envious German government has sought to catch up with its Atlantic partner in the adoption of Unmanned Aerial Systems ...

Margaret Thatcher

     Posted on: April 12, 2013

by Phil Scraton*   For years I anticipated my emotions and reaction to the day of Margaret Thatcher's death. I remember being in Liverpool's Royal Court at an Elvis Costello gig, knocked out by his Tramp the Dirt Down..., but this was at the height of the ferocious ideological and political activation ...

Mixed Messages: World War II and the Uses of Oral History

     Posted on: May 1, 2013

by Tony Platt* I have been teaching about the history of inequalities in the United States for more than forty years. I started off using oral histories in my curriculum when it was against the grain to do so. I still use them today, though to do so now has become ...

Criminologists and Criminal Justice Reformers Say: Negotiate Now Before There Is Blood on Your Hands

     Posted on: August 28, 2013

Finally, there is some good news for critics of the American justice system: a decline in the nationwide prison and jail population; a significant drop in the rate of African American imprisonment; conservative activists advocating “criminal justice reform”; judges in New York and California blowing the whistle on unconstitutional police ...

International Women’s Day Greeting

     Posted on: March 8, 2014

by Margaret Randall* International Women’s Day, March 8th, is my favorite holiday. Every year I write a brief tribute—to remind my friends and also myself how much women everywhere give to resist oppression and sustain life. Usually I’ve focused on a group of women whose ordinary heroism was particularly noteworthy since ...

Adiós Muchachos/as Compañeros/as de la Vida (Dispatch from Argentina #1)

     Posted on: November 23, 2013

by Laurie Coyle* * This is the first in a series of dispatches by filmmaker Laurie Coyle and Chicana activist and former political prisoner Olga Talamante documenting their current trip to Argentina. The occasion is the November 28, 2013, premiere of Observando al Observador (Watching the Watchman) in Buenos Aires. The daughter of Mexican ...

The Gift of Food and Friendship (Dispatch from Argentina #4)

     Posted on: December 2, 2013

by Laurie Coyle* * This is the fourth in a series of dispatches by filmmaker Laurie Coyle and Chicana activist and former political prisoner Olga Talamante documenting their current trip to Argentina. Click on the “Previous” button at the top of the page to read the previous dispatches and learn more about ...

Julia Rothenberg and Andreas Heinz

     Posted on: December 10, 2013

Meddling with Monkey Metaphors -- Capitalism and the Threat of Impulsive Desires This essay should help progressives assess the social implications of the Pandora's box opened by genetic engineering, by the capability to create "designer babies" via genetic screening of the human embryo before implantation. Preventing certain cancers in vitro has ...

Matthew Knoester

     Posted on: December 10, 2013

War in Colombia Matthew Knoester's essay examines the "war on drugs" in Colombia, arguably the most violent country in the hemisphere. Americans know that the U.S. government and press targeted Colombia's outgoing president, Ernesto Samper, for accepting drug money in his campaign. Despite the $600 million granted by the United States ...

Veronica Vélez, Lindsay Perez Huber, Corina Benavides Lopez, Ariana de la Luz, and Daniel Solórzano

     Posted on: September 16, 2013

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Howard Zinn

     Posted on: December 10, 2013

Saving Private Ryan Howard Zinn's anti-militarist perspective is a much needed corrective to the uncritical acclaim that has greeted Saving Private Ryan. In that movie, there is never any doubt that the cause is just. Vietnam led large numbers of Americans to question the enterprise of war itself. Now Saving Private ...

Michael Huspek, Roberto Martinez, and Leticia Jimenez

     Posted on: December 10, 2013

Violations of Human and Civil Rights on the U.S.-Mexico Border, 1995–1997: A Report Michael Huspek, Roberto Martinez, and Leticia Jimenez report on American Friends Service Committee investigations of violations of human and civil rights on the U.S.-Mexico border. The report chillingly chronicles the use and abuse of the law by various ...

Paolo Gerbaudo

     Posted on: September 14, 2013

The Impermanent Revolution: The Organizational Fragility of the Egyptian Prodemocracy Movement in the Troubled TransitionThis article analyses the process of organizational transformation of the revolutionary movement in Egypt during the transitional phase. It covers the period between the fall of Hosni Mubarak in February 2011 and the first months of ...

Josh R. Klein

     Posted on: September 14, 2013

Toward a Cultural Criminology of WarWe can improve criminological understanding of aggressive war by examining its cultural aspects. Criminological and other traditions help us to see how elite legitimation of criminal military policies involves the ideological "enlistment" of part of the public. After briefly discussing war-promoting political-economic and institutional forces, ...

Michael Krause

     Posted on: September 14, 2013

Involving the Community in Youth Justice: "Naming and Shaming" and the Role of Local Citizen Courts in Britain and in the Former GDRSince the early 2000s, local authorities and police in Britain have had the right to "name and shame" children and young people as young as 10 years of ...

Rachel Lewis

     Posted on: September 15, 2013

Lesbians under Surveillance: Same-Sex Immigration Reform, Gay Rights, and the Problem of Queer LiberalismAlthough nineteen countries currently allow lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender citizens to sponsor their partners for the purposes of immigration, the United States is not one of them. In this article, the author aim to build on ...

William F. Felice

     Posted on: September 15, 2013

Obama's Nobel Peace Prize Speech--Embracing the Ethics of Reinhold Niebuhr: More Continuity than Change in US Foreign Policy?In his Nobel Peace Prize speech, President Obama argued forcefully that the US and the international community "cannot avert their eyes" when international laws "are flouted." He stated the need for "consequences" when ...

Amy Mountcastle and James Armstrong

     Posted on: September 15, 2013

Obama's War and Anthropology: Ethical Issues and Militarizing AnthropologyThis article explores the current debate among anthropologists concerning the uses of anthropological expertise in and by the US Department of Defense to prosecute the war on terror, specifically the counterinsurgency wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. One of the most significant debates ...

Rob White

     Posted on: September 16, 2013

Environmental Victims and Resistance to State Crime Through Transnational Activism At the core of this article is a central paradox relating to the nature of environmental activism and victim action. The state is a major perpetrator and facilitator of much environmental harm, and thus an active contributor to environmental victimization. Yet, ...

Citizenship Surveillance of La Gente: Citizenship Theory, Practice, and Cultural Citizen Voices, Vol. 35: 1, 2008

     Posted on: September 16, 2013

Melissa Moreno, ed. In this issue of Social Justice, authors call for citizenship inclusion of young Latinas/os in schools and society, since they are a politically underrepresented emerging "majority" in California and other states. How should la gente (the people), Latina/o families and their community allies, contend with the power imbued ...

War, Crisis, and Transition, Vol. 35: 3, 2008

     Posted on: September 16, 2013

Gregory Shank, ed. This issue of Social Justice explores the moral responsibility of individuals in a time of war, the complicity of international financial institutions in Africa's tragic genocides, the dumping of toxic waste in the Third World, and the damage done internationally by neoconservative wars of choice and the use ...

Dawn L. Rothe, Christopher W. Mullins, and Kent Sandstrom

     Posted on: September 16, 2013

The Rwandan Genocide: International Finance Policies and Human Rights The genocide of the Rwandan Tutsis serves to remind us of the ethnic, political, and economic conditions that are typical for postcolonial states. To gain a more comprehensive understanding of the Hutu-led genocide against the Tutsis, scholars must examine the role of ...

Scott Gilmore

     Posted on: September 16, 2013

Review of Darius Rejali's Torture and Democracy Through a typology of the modern techniques of torture and an examination of their histories, Darius Rejali observes that modern torture is characterized by the infliction of pain without visible trace. He hypothesizes that the selection of these techniques was first performed by Western ...

Gregory M. Maney and Margaret Abraham

     Posted on: September 16, 2013

Whose Backyard? Boundary Making in NIMBY Opposition to Immigrant Services This study explores two contrasting cases of local opposition to services for immigrants. It conceptualizes NIMBYism as the informal policing of boundaries to maintain places of domination. Opponents of a domestic violence shelter and a worker center for day laborers sought ...

Raymond Michalowski

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Border Militarization and Migrant Suffering: A Case of Transnational Social Injury Using observant-participation with humanitarian and social action organizations in the U.S. Border Patrol Tucson Sector, the article explores the human rights and socio-legal implications of immigration and border enforcement policies that, through commission and omission, result in preventable suffering and ...

Elizabeth Stanley

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Transnational Crime and State-Building: The Case of Timor-Leste Following the Indonesian-led "scorched earth" events of 1999, Timor-Leste (East Timor) stood in ruins: police stations, court buildings, and prisons had all been decimated; the vast majority of criminal justice personnel had left the country; and the written records of the previous regime ...

Michael Welch and Fatiniyah Turner

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Private Corrections, Financial Infrastructure, and Transportation: The New Geo-Economy of Shipping Prisoners As federal, state, and local governments deepen their commitment to incarceration, so has the private sector operating on the notion that there exists a punishment-profit scheme for the taking. The expanding range of private corrections attracts not only small ...

John Krinsky

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

The Dialectics of Privatization and Advocacy in New York City's Workfare State Since the 1970s, New York City's social service infrastructure has been administered by contracts with private, nonprofit organizations in what Jessop has called a neocorporatist version of the post-Keynesian "workfare regime." In the mid-1990s, Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani pursued ...

Craig W.J. Minogue

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Then and Now, Us and Them: A Historical Reflection on Deaths in and out of Custody This article provides an account of deaths in custody from the inside. In prison since 1986, he reflects on his fear of dying in custody and the impact of a fellow prisoner's death on him ...

Phil Scraton

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

They'd all love me dead... The Investigation, Inquest, and Implications of the Death of Annie Kelly Based on the death in custody of Annie Kelly in the punishment block of Mourne House women's unit within Maghaberry high-security prison in the north of Ireland, this article considers the plight of women in ...

Rita Maran

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Detention and Torture in Guantanamo Rita Maran's commentary addresses detention and torture at the Guantanamo military prison and how the facility has emerged as a symbol of the Bush administration's drive to chisel away at America's historic laws and statutes, to rebalance the country's tripartite system of governing, and to commit ...

Torin Monahan

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Securing the Homeland: Torture, Preparedness, and the Right to Let Die Despite efforts by the U.S. to achieve national security, and perhaps because of these efforts, conditions of vast human insecurity persist. The discursive terrain of security is marked by extreme actions, such as torture, and absolute threats, such as avian ...

Olga Talamante, interviewed by Suzie Dod Thomas

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Dirty Wars: On the Unacceptability of Torture -- A Conversation An activist who experienced torture in an Argentina prison in 1974 speaks out against the participation of U.S. military forces in similar acts at Iraq’s Abu Ghraib prison and at the U.S. detention center in Guantánamo. She concludes that the fight ...

Donald Gutierrez

     Posted on: September 17, 2013

Review of Gareau, The United States and State Terrorism This review of Frederick H. Gareau’s State Terrorism and the United States: From Counterinsurgency to the War on Terrorism looks at U.S. foreign involvement from the Cold War onward to reveal its systematic state terrorism, sponsorship of repressive right-wing regimes and dictatorships, ...

The Many Faces of Violence, Vol. 32: 2, 2005

     Posted on: September 18, 2013

Gregory Shank, ed. Each contribution to this issue of Social Justice reveals a facet of the many forms that violence takes. Given its immediacy, we often focus on the scourge of interpersonal predatory violence. Arguably, though, structural violence, including racism, and institutional violence take a greater human toll. State violence, in ...

Jayne Mooney and Jock Young

     Posted on: September 18, 2013

Imagining Terrorism: Terrorism and Anti-Terrorism Terrorism, Two Ways of Doing Evil This article examines two aspects of dehumanization, which are perspectives that feed off each other, but facilitate violence against other human beings. It looks at the reciprocal sanitization of evil in the West and the beautification of evil in the ...

Gregory Shank

     Posted on: September 18, 2013

Remembering Andre Gunder Frank Three essays written at the time of Andre Gunder Frank's death look at his impact on friends and colleagues, as well as his influence in the fields of economics and history. Gregory Shank recalls Gunder's close ties to Social Justice and his brief time living in San ...

Laurie Taylor

     Posted on: September 18, 2013

The Other Side of the Street Laurie Taylor discusses torture, social control, and our extraordinary capacity to deny with sociologist Stan Cohen, who has spent his life analyzing and opposing injustice and inhumanity. torture, human rights, denial Citation: Social Justice Vol. 32, No. 2 (2005): 82-88.

Jasmin Hristov

     Posted on: September 18, 2013

Freedom and Democracy or Hunger and Terror: Neoliberalism and Militarization in Latin America Despite neoliberalism's promises for growth, poverty alleviation, and democratic development, economic liberalization has reinforced the unequal socioeconomic structure that characterizes most Latin American societies and further weakened the position of Latin American countries in the global hierarchy of ...

Resisting Militarism and Globalized Punishment, Vol. 31: 1-2, 2004

     Posted on: September 19, 2013

Tony Platt and Gregory Shank, eds. This issue of Social Justice examines the widening net of incarceration, immigration policing, and drug and crime enforcement as well as the role of an increasingly authoritarian national security state in a globalized 21st-century economy. The phenomenon is transnational in scope, though the contributions here ...

Native Women and State Violence , Vol. 31: 4, 2004

     Posted on: September 19, 2013

Andrea Smith and Luana Ross, eds. This issue addresses the relationship between gender violence and colonialism. Although violence against women occurs during colonization, the colonial process is itself structured by sexual violence. The violence of colonization takes the obvious historical form such as the massacres of indigenous peoples in the Americas, ...

Michael Welch

     Posted on: September 19, 2013

Quiet Constructions in the War on Terror: Subjecting Asylum Seekers to Unnecessary DetentionThis article dwells on how asylum seekers entering the U.S. are being subjected to unnecessary detention in harsh conditions of confinement. The detention of asylum seekers suggests that certain aspects of the war on terror serve more to ...

Jokin Alberdi Bidaguren and Daniel Nina

     Posted on: September 19, 2013

Governability and Forms of Popular Justice in the New South Africa and Mozambique: Community Courts and VigilantismThis article analyzes problems of governability in the administration of justice in Mozambique and South Africa by exploring various experiences of popular justice that continue to exist in the new democratic contexts of these ...

Shoon Lio

     Posted on: September 19, 2013

Review of Dorothy Jones, Toward a Just World: The Critical Years in the Search for International JusticeThe author reviews two works concerning international justice, with special emphasis on human rights and genocide.international law, genocide, human rightsCitation: Social Justice Vol. 31, No. 3 (2004): 166-167

Andrea Smith

     Posted on: September 19, 2013

Boarding School Abuses, Human Rights, and ReparationsThis article analyzes the Boarding School Healing Project, which seeks to build a movement for reparations for American Indian boarding school abuses as part of a larger global reparations strategy for colonialism. This project rearticulates violence within Native communities as the continuing effect of ...

The Intersection of Ideologies of Violence, Vol. 30: 3, 2003

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Alberto Arenas, Gilberto Arriaza, and Victoria Sanford, eds. This issue explains violence at the local and global levels, as well as its manifestations in society's structural, material, cultural, and political spheres. Four central ideologies of violence discussed are patriarchal domination, white supremacy, religious fundamentalism, and savage competition and individualism, nurtured by ...

Kara Zugman

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Political Consciousness and New Social Movement Theory: The Case of Fuerza Unida Kara Zugman's case study of Fuerza Unida uses new social movement theory to give insight into a new form of political expression that straddles the traditional redistributive goals of labor unions and newer meaning or identity-based organizational forms, in ...

Barry Goetz and Roger Mitchell

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Community-Building and Reintegrative Approaches to Community Policing: The Case of Drug Control The authors examine how different policing practices work to include or exclude socially marginal populations, in this case those with substance abuse and illicit drug use problems. In the venues studied, Norfolk, Virginia, and Baltimore, Maryland, such reintegrative programs ...

Joy James

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Academia, Activism, and Imprisoned Intellectuals James engages in a dialogue on shared leadership and political analyses that confront state violence, as well as the contributions and contradictions of political prisoners. Using Abu-Jamal's comments on "Love and Rage," she describes the tensions inherent in academic and activist venues. Although generally disparaged in ...

Frank B. Wilderson, III

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

The Prison Slave as Hegemony's (Silent) Scandal The author, a longtime human rights activist and organizer, makes a theoretical statement about the relation of Blackness and the Black body to civil society: Black citizenship, or Black civic obligation, Wilderson states, are oxymorons. He discusses how antagonistic identity formation must come to ...

Claude Marks and Rob McBride

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Recovering, Amplifying, and Networking the Voices of the Disappeared -- Political Prisoners on Internet Media This essay describes attempts to use alternative media to make the voices of political prisoners more accessible and immediate. The heart of these efforts is to let the prisoners speak for themselves. This is an essential ...

Alejandro Molina

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Cyberspace: The "Color Line" of the 21st Century In this essay, Molina asserts that the social direction of technology continues to be alarming -- militaristic, intrusive, and with enormous potential for abuse. Furthermore, the struggle for human rights shapes, and is partially shaped in, cyberspace. Characteristic are the gathering and centralizing ...

Victoria Sanford

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Learning to Kill by Proxy: Colombian Paramilitaries and the Legacy of Central American Death Squads, Contras, and Civil Patrols Sandford's discussion of the widespread paramilitary phenomenon throughout Colombia analyzes how armed conflict has affected all segments of that society. She documents U.S. interventionism, the difficult task of a human rights defense, ...

Jay Weinstein

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Civics as Applied Sociology Weinstein offers a historical examination of the theoretical and practical relationship between applied sociology and democracy. He argues that from the beginning of the discipline, the development of sociology and the related social sciences was driven by an attempt to apply scientific knowledge to improve human relations. ...

Theresa Ann Rosner-Salazar

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Multicultural Service-Learning and Community-Based Research as a Model Approach to Promote Social Justice The author proposes the development of multicultural service learning pedagogy and community-based research curricula to better train future service providers who work in multicultural and disenfranchised communities. She highlights the potential of community-university partnerships in transforming both the ...

Globalization and Environmental Harm, Vol. 29: 1-2, 2002

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Gregory Shank, ed. This double issue deals with the environmental crimes of entities with a global reach--the World Bank, the US military, the chemical industry, and toxic waste disposers--and the responses of activists and victims to these policies and practices. Do such practices constitute "crimes of globalization"? How can activist engagement ...

Global Threats to Security, Vol. 29: 3, 2002

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Robert M. Gould and Patrice Sutton, eds. This issue explores threats to the survival of the world community due to the assault on all forms of life from an interplay of toxic chemicals, ozone depletion, climate change, and habitat destruction. After the September 11 attacks on the United States, the global ...

David O. Friedrichs and Jessica Friedrichs

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

The World Bank and Crimes of Globalization: A Case Study The Friedrichs' case history of a World Bank-financed dam in Thailand addresses whether the policies and practices of an international financial institution can be characterized as a form of crime and whether the "crimes of globalization" need to receive special attention. ...

Rita Maran

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

A Report from the United Nations World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance, Durban, South Africa, 2001 Maran reports on the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance that took place under United Nations auspices in Durban, South Africa, in September 2001. In this global ...

Robert M. Gould and Patrice Sutton

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Global Security: Beyond Gated Communities and Bunker Vision Gould and Sutton tie together many areas domestic and foreign policy that constitute global threats to security, most of which issue from governments and the corporate world. global issues, terrorism, bioterrorism, nuclear proliferation, human rights, international law Citation: Social Justice Vol. 29, No. 3 (2002): ...

Garrett D. Brown

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

The Global Threats to Workers' Health and Safety on the Job Brown documents the daily violence of a "normally" functioning world economic order arrayed against workers and communities worldwide. The essay reviews the recent record of globalization in undermining the fundamental human right of every working person to be able to ...

Anthony E. Ladd and Bob Edwards

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Corporate Swine and Capitalist Pigs: A Decade of Environmental Injustice and Protest in North Carolina Ladd and Edwards Community focus on health and environmental justice issues. The authors deal with health and other quality-of-life issues stemming from the recent expansion of corporate hog-raising in North Carolina and examine the history of ...

Lama Jamjoun

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

The Effects of Israeli Violations During the Second Uprising "Intifada" on Palestinian Health Conditions Jamjoun explores issues of human rights and international law in the context of the Palestinian intifada. The article documents morbidity and mortality within the Palestinian community in the wake of Israeli violations of international human rights and ...

Richard Garfield

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Economic Sanctions, Humanitarianism, and Conflict After the Cold War Garfield examines political and humanitarian problems in approaches to sanctions and war. The article describes how economic sanctions, which as a matter of policy eschew the direct use of deadly force, still cause a disproportionate and deadly impact on the most unfortunate ...

Victor W. Sidel and Barry S. Levy

     Posted on: September 20, 2013

Security and Public Health Sidel and Levy point to the limitations of even appropriate treatment of disease when de-linked from primary prevention strategies that address the full range of challenges to biosecurity. Disease prevention is inextricably connected to the promotion of health-protective practices on a global scale. Thus, the authors conclude ...

Gatekeeper’s State: Immigration and Boundary Policing in an Era of Globalization, Vol. 28: 2, 2001

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Jose Palafox, ed. This issue examines US-Mexico border policing in terms of the effects of US immigration and border policy on unauthorized migrants and on the well-being of US citizens. The Southwest border has been the key locus of militarized enforcement in the United States, with the deepest institutional ties between ...

In the Aftermath of Welfare ‘Reform’, Vol. 28: 4, 2001

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Sylvie C. Tourigny and Delores Jones-Brown, eds. This issue evaluates the fallout of efforts to reform welfare in the United States through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. It documents the ideological shifts in Republican circles that shaped the debate, and which are finding echoes in conservative ...

Raúl Molina-Mejía

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Review of Jonas, Of Centaurs and Doves: Guatemala's Peace Process According to Molina-Mejía, Jonas' Of Centaurs and Doves: Guatemala's Peace Process is a sound, accurate, and in-depth analysis of the Guatemalan peace process, which ended the 36-year-old internal armed conflict and began the reconstruction of the Guatemalan state and society as ...

Timothy J. Dunn

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Border Militarization Via Drug and Immigration Enforcement: Human Rights Implications Dunn's article notes that the militarization of the U.S.-Mexico border has human rights implications beyond immigration and border issues. He focuses on the tragic killing of Esequiel Hernandez, Jr., a young Mexican-American in Redford, Texas. Dunn argues that the Southwest border ...

Sylvanna M. Falcón

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Rape as a Weapon of War: Advancing Human Rights for Women at the U.S.-Mexico Border Falcón examines the gendered effects of militarization on women at the U.S.-Mexico border, particularly in the form of "militarized border rape" and sexual assault. For Falcón, militarization ideology is embedded with issues of hyper-masculinity, patriarchy, and ...

Sasha Khokha

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Community and Labor Relations: The INS Plays the "Good Cop" Khokha relates the "interior enforcement strategy" of the INS to human rights violations of migrants within the U.S. proper. The author's evidence and analysis support the position that current border enforcement policy and practice benefit U.S. employers and further the divide ...

NGOs of the Border Encuentro

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

The Encounter on Globalization, Migration, and Militarization: "A Dialogue Between NGOs" This dialogue between NGOs from the U.S. and Mexico posits a bilateral symbiosis of the causes and consequences of militarization. The report confirms disturbing trends: increased social polarization in both countries, the view of civilians as potential enemies, and the ...

Gregory Shank

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Limitation of War and the Pursuit of Justice A collective effort to achieve a "humane globalization" must repudiate not only "oil imperialism," but also neoliberal forms of global dominance. If, as Falk argues, we are poised on the brink of a global, intercivilizational war without battlefields and borders and the idea ...

Esther Madriz

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Terrorism and Structural Violence To adequately understand the relationship between the interpersonal acts of violence perpetrated on September 11 and the structural situation that exists in the Middle East, the issue must be framed in terms of human rights violations. Consequently, we should use existing international legal mechanisms to bring these ...

Vivien Stern

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

An Alternative Vision: Criminal Justice Developments in Non-Western Countries Vivien Stern observes that some governments, although captivated by market ideology, have rejected "mega-prisons" and the policies designed to fill them, opting for programs that will reduce prison populations. In Western countries, we are seeing very disturbing trends for the observance of ...

Patricia M. Short and Allyson Mutch

     Posted on: September 22, 2013

Exchange, Reciprocity, and Citizenship -- Principles of Access and the Challenge to Human Rights in the Third Sector: An Australian Perspective. Mutch and Shorts analysis suggests that, in a context of increasing "marketization" of state and third sector1 services, effective third-sector organizations will be distinguished by (1) a clear commitment to ...

Race, Class, and State Crime, Vol. 27: 1, 2000

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Gregory Shank (coord.) Two themes stand out in this issue. The first concerns the intersection of race, class, and crime. Discussion centers on excessive police violence, criminalization based on racial and ethnic markers, the viability of electoral work versus strategies of civil disobedience, and the varieties of multiculturalism. The second theme ...

Criminal Justice & Globalization at the New Millennium, Vol. 27: 2, 2000

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Robert P. Weiss, ed. Edited by Robert P. Weiss, this 300-page special millennium issue of Social Justice highlights the negative impact of neoliberal globalization on criminal justice, including escalating personal and business crime, growing corruption, heightened antiforeign sentiment and scapegoating that comes with labor migration, greater worker insecurity, and the expansion ...

Neoliberalism, Militarism, and Armed Conflict, Vol. 27: 4, 2000

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Gwyn Kirk and Margo Okazawa-Rey, eds. This issue makes practical links between US domestic and foreign policy, with articles on most crucial regions of the world and an emphasis on the work of activists. With US military spending already exceeding the military budgets of the next 12 countries combined, communities around ...

NSA and the False Alternative between Liberty and Safety

     Posted on: October 28, 2013

by Gene Grabiner* Critics have long been concerned about the potential for government abuse and overreach, as well as the desire of officials to conduct civic affairs beyond public scrutiny. As moral philosopher Jeremy Bentham cautioned, “secrecy, being an instrument of conspiracy, ought never to be the system of a regular ...

Penny J. Green and Tony Ward

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

State Crime, Human Rights, and the Limits of Criminology Authors Penny J. Green and Tony Ward suggest how criminology can remedy its neglect of the important phenomenon of state crime, without adopting such a broad definition of "crime" as to destroy the coherence of criminology as a distinct field. Their approach ...

Victoria Sanford

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

The Silencing of Maya Women from Mamá Maquín to Rigoberta Menchú In 1994, Victoria Sanford began work on exhumations and the historical reconstruction of massacres in rural Maya villages in Guatemala and served as a research consultant to the Guatemalan Forensic Anthropology Foundation for its report to the Commission for Historical ...

Asafa Jalata

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Two National Liberation Movements Compared: Oromia and Southern Sudan Asafa Jalata addresses anticolonial struggles in the postindependent peripheral nation-states of Ethiopia and Sudan. In each authoritarian state, national movements have emerged to oppose colonial domination, economic exploitation, cultural destruction and repression, and the denial of individual and national rights. Political disfranchisement ...

Joe Sim

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

One Thousand Days of Degradation: New Labour and Old Compromises at the Turn of the Century Sim analyzes Britain's New Labour (N.L.) criminal justice policies, with particular scrutiny of how the government conceptualizes crime and punishment. He concludes by examining N.L.'s human rights commitment. Sim finds N.L.'s "third way" law-and-order strategy ...

Eamonn Carrabine, Maggy Lee, and Nigel South

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Social Wrongs and Human Rights in Late Modern Britain: Social Exclusion, Crime Control, and Prospects for a Public Criminology The authors examine the New Labour (N.L.) political campaign that promised to address social exclusion ("social wrongs") and to champion human rights. N.L. pledged to bring the U.K. back to less-troubled times, ...

Marilyn Buck

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Prisons, Social Control, and Political Prisoners Prisons continue to serve their main purpose: to warehouse and "disappear" the "unacceptable." Prisons exist to deprive their captives of their liberties and human agency, as well as to punish them. These institutions stigmatize prisoners through moralistic denunciations and indictments based on bad genes -- ...

Christian Parenti

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Crime As Social Control Parenti attempts to offer a radical reading of crime. The discussion of crime control has been so poisonous and monopolized by the Right as to taint any contemplation of a left response to crime. By crime, the author mostly means the "index offenses" or interpersonal violence, such ...

M. Grayson L. Taylor, with Terry Kupers

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Prison Psychosis This article reflects the view of psychiatrists on the possibilities of healing behind prison walls. Do psychiatrists understand the mind of the convict, or care about the patient's suffering? There are caring clinicians among correctional mental health workers, but in too many cases that the caring eventually wanes as ...

Jose Palafox

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Opening Up Borderland Studies: A Review of U.S.-Mexico Border Militarization Discourse On May 20, 1997, Clemente Bañuelos, a US Marine on an antidrug operation, shot and killed 18-year-old Esequiel Hernández, Jr., in Redford, Texas. Bañuelos was a member of Joint Task Force-6 (JTF-6), a federal agency that coordinates antinarcotics operations between ...

Michael Welch

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

The Role of the Immigration and Naturalization Service in the Prison-Industrial Complex Author Michael Welch argues that the unmistakable feature of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) over the past two decades is that it has downplayed its mission of social service (i.e., assisting undocumented immigrants in their pursuit of naturalization), ...

Marge Frantz, with Cassandra Shaylor

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

American Radical Traditions in Conference Organizing Cassandra Shaylor interviews long-time activist Marge Frantz, who grew up in Alabama, worked on the Southern Conference for Human Welfare, and went on to teach at the University of California, Santa Cruz, Department of Women's Studies. Discussed are the role of conferences in building movements ...

Ian Smillie

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Getting to the Heart of the Matter: Sierra Leone, Diamonds, and Human Security Smillie discusses the role of the lucrative diamond industry in war-torn Sierra Leone, noting that "diamonds -- small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value -- have been the cause of widespread death, destruction, and misery for ...

Tamar Gabelnick and Anna Rich

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Globalized Weaponry The authors emphasize potential contradictions between security policy and international arms sales, noting that "U.S. arms export policy was established to protect national security, but has become increasingly focused on commercial interests" such that "proposed export reforms will lead to further loss of control over conventional arms proliferation." An ...

Justin Delacour

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Plan Colombia: Rhetoric, Reality, and the Press Justin Delacour argues that Plan Colombia element of "war on drugs" is a pretext for a counterinsurgency strategy, and that the United States simply strengthened a repressive regime that used paramilitaries in brutal attacks on civilians and the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia ...

Tony Ward and Penny Green

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Legitimacy, Civil Society, and State Crime Tony Ward and Penny Green seek to provide a theoretical framework for understanding the dynamics of state crime -- such as genocide, torture, and war crimes -- and how the seemingly universal discourse of human rights is often used to mask particular economic agendas. These ...

Adel Samara

     Posted on: September 25, 2013

Globalization, the Palestinian Economy, and the "Peace Process" Adel Samara characterizes efforts to "normalize" the situation in the Middle East so that "business as usual" can resume as quickly as possible. The article argues that the Oslo peace accords are entirely based on neoliberal assumptions that are shared by the Palestinian ...

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